Wuhan is situated in the middle of Hubei Province of China, the east of Jianghan Plain, and the intersection of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and Hanshui River. The Yangtze River and Hanshui River divide Wuhaninto three parts: Hankou, Hanyang and Wuchang, which are generally known as Wuhan's Three Towns.
Wuhan, the capital of Hubei Province, serves as the political, economic and cultural center of the province. As a line by Li Bai, a great poet in Tang Dynasty goes, “In the Yellow Crane Tower the jade flute is being played while in the River City of Wuhan plum blossoms are dropping in May.” This biggest metropolis in hinterland Chinawas hence reputed as a River City. With an area of 8494 k ㎡ and a population of 8.58 million, Wuhan administers 13 districts and 3 state-level development zones (Wuhan Economic & Technological Development Zone, East Lake Hi-tech Development Zone and Wujiashan Taiwan-investment Area).
As a typical garden city featuring mountains and waters, Wuhan is home to hundreds of hills and nearly 200 lakes of various sizes. With a water area making up 25.8% of its entire territory, Wuhan is ranked the first among major Chinese cities in water resources. East Lake, China's biggest downtown lake, covers an area of 33 k ㎡.
With a history of 3500 years, Wuhan's urban civilization dates back to Panlong Town which is the oldest city ever unearthed in the Yangtze River basin. Scholars deemed it a breakthrough proof of the fusion of Yangtze Civilization and Yellow River Civilization. Over the past 3500 year, thanks to its well-developed transport network and abundant local products, this area has always been a place contested by all strategists and gradually developed from a military center into a regional political, commercial and trade center. As a result,Wuhan possessed an advantage and characteristic of diverse cultures. Xinhai (1911) Revolution overthrowing Qing Dynasty originated in Wuhan and the spirit of Xinhai Revolution cultivates the creative sole of Wuhancitizens.